• Why was the Euphrates called the inverted river?

    Natalya Chekanova
    Natalya Chekanova
    February 20, 2013
    Why was the Euphrates called the inverted river?

    In ancient times, many natural phenomena seemed unusual to people. So it was with the largest river of Western Asia - the Euphrates (more than 3 thousand km), originating in the South Caucasus and flowing into the Persian Gulf.

    The name of the river is translated from Greek as “smooth flow”. The fertile lands in the Euphrates valley contributed to the birth of ancient civilizations here (Schumer, Babylonia, Assyria).

    This blooming land attracted conquerors, including the Egyptian pharaoh Thutmosis III, who ruled in the XV century. BC er Having made 17 military campaigns, he significantly expanded the borders of Egypt. During the 8th march Thutmose's troops reached the Euphrates.

    But why was the Euphrates called the inverted river? From sources it is known how much the Egyptians were surprised that the waters of the river flow in the opposite direction to the Nile flow, which is usual for them. After all, the Nile, flowing from the south, flows into the Mediterranean Sea, and the waters of the Euphrates are directed from north to south. Texts in the temple of Karnak (Annals of Thutmosis III) testify to the conquests of Thutmosis.One of the inscriptions reports a crossing over the "great inverted river."

    From these stone chronicles, historians have learned that the Euphrates seemed upside down to the Egyptians.

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