What is IVF?
Unfortunately, nowadays there are a lot of married couples who cannot for one reason or another conceive a child. There are several ways to solve this problem, you can learn more about them from the articles in this section.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is currently considered one of the most effective and well-known methods.
What is IVF?
In vitro fertilization began many years ago. The first successful attempt to conduct such a procedure took place in the UK in 1978. Now this method is used in many clinics around the world. IVF is the procedure for fertilizing an egg in a special medical glassware (test tube). Then for several days the embryo is grown in a special nutrient medium, and then transferred to the woman’s uterus, where the pregnancy begins to develop.
The IVF procedure can be performed even for women who have no fallopian tubes or have problems with their functioning. Of course, you should not think that this procedure is a panacea. It only helps to go through several stages of embryo nucleation inside a woman.
How is IVF performed?
In vitro fertilization is carried out in several stages.Each of them is very important and involves a number of procedures.
Preparation and fertilization of eggs
At the first stage, the preparation of eggs. They are in most cases taken from the expectant mother. But since, as a rule, only one egg matures per cycle in a woman, before the procedure is administered, the patient is prescribed hormonal preparations according to a special scheme for several weeks.
The whole process is necessarily controlled by ultrasound. In a woman during ovulation, eggs are extracted by puncture: a thin cannula is inserted into the ovary through the cervix, suction of mature follicles occurs. This procedure is always carried out under general anesthesia.
In vitro fertilization also requires seminal fluid from a female partner. It is obtained either by masturbation or by puncture. If the woman does not have a man, frozen donor sperm is used.
Then begins the preparation of genetic material. The first is the washing of the eggs, since it is important to separate them from the follicular fluid.Then the seminal fluid is poured into another test tube, which is examined for the number of sperm. It is very important that their number be at least 100,000 per 1 egg, then semen is transferred to it and left for several hours for fertilization. The formed embryos are transferred to a special plate with a special solution, which is placed in the chamber, where their development process takes place.
Embryo transfer to the uterus
After 2-5 days, the next stage begins - the transfer of embryos into the uterus of a woman. This procedure is simple and painless, it takes place on a gynecological chair. Anesthesia during this procedure is not used. To transfer embryos (no more than 3 pieces) into the uterus, the doctor uses a thin plastic tube.
After such a procedure, a woman needs to come to a blood donation every three days to control the level of hormones. Only after 2 weeks can a hCG test be performed to confirm the pregnancy. If it comes to light, an ultrasound scan is performed, which allows us to understand where the eggs were attached and how many survived. If necessary, carry out the reduction - reduce the number of embryos.After that, the pregnancy in a woman proceeds normally.
You can learn more about this procedure from the article How IVF is done.
Advantages and disadvantages of IVF
Among the advantages of the IVF procedure, we highlight the following:
- you can get pregnant, even if the reproductive organs have pathology;
- it is possible to conceive a child, even if the man has low sperm quality;
- rarely there are problems with carrying a child after engraftment;
- pre-implantation diagnostics can be carried out, which will eliminate the occurrence of pathologies or serious inherited diseases in the child.
IVF also has disadvantages:
- only 35-50% of in vitro fertilization ends in success after the first attempt, therefore it is necessary to do this procedure several times;
- high cost, since only highly qualified specialists are involved in the IVF and expensive equipment is used;
- It is difficult to find a clinic for this procedure in small towns.
Despite the shortcomings of in vitro fertilization, it is still a great opportunity to get a long-awaited baby.Therefore, it is worth resorting to it, if you conceive a baby naturally does not work for a long time.
You can also think about surrogate motherhood or adoption.
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