What is comedy?
Through this article, you will learn what a comedy in literature, theater and cinema. Comedy is a genre of artwork with a characteristic humorous or satirical approach. Comedy is also a kind of drama, where the moment of effective conflict or the struggle of antagonistic characters is specifically resolved. Here is a brief about what a comedy is.
Aristotle compared comedy with imitation in a ridiculous way to people with bad habits (Ch. V in “Poetics”). Comedies created in Ancient Athens by Aristophanes are the earliest surviving.
Types of comedies
The following genres belong to the comedy: farce, intermedia, vaudeville, parody, sketch, operetta.
It should also highlight the comedy of positions and comedy of manners.
A sitcom (i.e. a situational comedy, a sitcom) is a comedy where events and circumstances are the source of the funny.
In the works of Shakespeare, Moliere, Bernard Shaw, this was one of the leading genres.
The following examples of the classic sitcom in the works of Shakespeare can be cited: “The Twelfth Night”, “The Comedy of Errors”, “The Merchant of Venice”. Moliere belongs to the comedy "The bourgeois in nobility."
The development of this genre in Russia was initiated by D. Fonvizin. Other writers followed his example. Chekhov wrote the work "The Bear", Gogol? "Auditor" and "Marriage".
In our time, comedies are movies that are built on an external comic. This is the comic of the situation in which the character falls at a certain stage in the development of the action.
In the cinema of this genre, Gaidai’s paintings “The Diamond Hand”, “Ivan Vasilyevich Change Profession” belong to him. "Shirley Myrli" Menchov and "The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath" Ryazanov are also sitcoms.
For example, the film “The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!” Is a traditional New Year comedy. The plot, probably, is known to you. Just before the New Year, friends decided to steam up, because this is their annual tradition. So they “flogged” to such an extent that they mistakenly sent the wrong comrade to Leningrad. Thus, Sasha gets into someone else's apartment.However, the address of the apartment is the same as that in Moscow. Soon the stranger is discovered by the hostess ...
A comedy of characters (i.e. a comedy of morals) is a comedy in which there may be the following sources of the funny:
- the inner essence of morals (characters);
- funny and ugly one-sidedness;
- hypertrophied passion or trait (lack, vice).
Often, the comedy of morals is satirical, since it mocks certain human qualities. For example, this is "Tartuffe" Moliere.
Thus, you have learned what a comedy is. The definition of this genre is given at school in the classroom of Russian literature. Types of comedy are varied. This genre is also reflected in the theater and cinema.
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