• What is a kidney cyst?

    In order to understand what a kidney cyst is, it is first necessary to determine what a cyst is. Cyst is called a rounded closed bag that is formed by connective tissue. Inside such a formation can be liquid, semi-solid or gaseous substances. As for the kidney cyst, it is filled with a clear light yellow liquid. In some cases, different tissues can fill its space. Kidney cysts are hereditary (genetic), acquired, as well as cysts associated with various diseases (kidney abscess, kidney injury, kidney cancer, kidney tuberculosis).

    Symptoms

    As a rule, most cysts are asymptomatic. Usually they are detected completely by chance on ultrasound. Therefore, you should find out how to look her slightest symptoms. A kidney cyst can manifest itself as follows:

    • Renal colic.
    • Pain.
    • Palpable tumor.
    • Arterial hypertension.
    • Hematuria.

    In fact, the kidney cyst, the size is quite small, usually about 2 centimeters.However, sometimes its size can vary from 1 to 10 centimeters.

    Causes of kidney cyst formation

    A cyst is formed when epithelial cell growth begins to accelerate in the tubule of the kidney. The following categories of cysts exist:

    • Appearing during the life of the patient.
    • Arising from hereditary predisposition.
    • Developing on the background of genetic diseases.
    • Malignant cysts.
    • Acquired cysts.

    Thus, the appearance of kidney cysts can be caused both by a hereditary factor, and a previous disease, as well as a consequence of a chronic disease.

    Surgical and puncture treatment

    The cyst begins to pose a threat from the moment it begins to grow: increasing in size, it begins to squeeze the organ, which entails renal failure. In this case, the patient is prescribed a kidney cyst puncture. During puncture treatment, autologous blood and iodine-containing substance are injected into the cystic cavity, which prevents the recurrence of the disease.

    For a very severe course of the disease, a surgical operation is offered to the patient to treat a kidney cyst.Recently, laparoscopic surgery has begun to be widely practiced. After such operations, the patient is recovering much faster.

    Laparoscopic removal of a kidney cyst should be performed in cases where the cyst has a large diameter, as well as in case of polycystic kidney disease. This procedure is carried out as follows. Initially, the doctor performs 3-4 incisions on the anterior abdominal wall of the patient, small in size. After that, he inserts in them special tools intended for the subsequent removal of a kidney cyst. It should be noted that during the laparoscopic removal of a cyst of the kidney, the patient needs to stay in the hospital for a very short period of time. Such a variant of the operation, in contrast to the old methods, also makes it possible to significantly shorten the rehabilitation period. The person who transferred it becomes working again in a very short time.


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