What is a classification?
Practically in any field of activity, a person is confronted with the concept of classification, which is used to establish the order of phenomena, objects, etc. Classification, or, as it is often called, classification, is simply necessary for a logical distribution of the concept to individual varieties. Consider what classification is and why it is needed.
Basic classification definition
In literal translation from Latin, the concept is defined as "to do the discharge". Thus, it is clear that “classify” means “to subdivide”, “to order, to divide into discharges”. A striking example of classification is the subdivision in the animal world of classes into species, species into subspecies, etc. At the same time, the specific species that make up a class have common characteristic features, according to which they are considered as varieties of the latter.
Thus, it can be said that classification implies a set of subspecies, which together form a species and are combined with each other by essential features.For example, the classification of people can occur by temperament, type of character, age group, gender, education and profession, etc. Our article What is a class will also be useful to you.
Types of classification and why they are needed
There are two main types of classification - natural and artificial. In the first case, the division is based on essential features and is aimed at identifying the main similarities and differences between objects / phenomena. This classification has a cognitive value.
Its synonym is typology, since this type is based on the concept of type as a unit of division. It helps to make a complete picture of the phenomenon or the form and maximize it. After all, the conventionality and relativity of the faces between subspecies requires clarification. In this case, the classification helps to delineate more realistic boundaries.
The second type is called artificial, because it is not based on identifying the main features, but on the choice of specific features that are convenient in certain cases. A synonym for this classification is systematization. A striking example is the alphabetical catalogs.
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