• What are the capitals of the republics of the former USSR?

    The USSR or the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics collapsed in 1991. A number of reasons and circumstances of a political nature influenced the collapse; today, there are many versions of the collapse of a powerful state in the past.

    More details about them you can read in our article - When the USSR collapsed.

    The mighty power that has been held on the world stage for more than two-thirds of a century has fallen, or, if speaking the language of Ancient Russia, has fallen into territorial fragmentation. The 1991 Bialowieza Agreement opened a new page, both in the history of the Russian Federation and in the chronicles of the other former Soviet republics, which at the time of the collapse were 15, and which began to function as independent states. You can get a complete list of countries united under the auspices of the Soviet Union from our article - What countries were included in the USSR.

    During the existence of the union, each republic retained its autonomous position and had its own capital.Below is a brief overview of each of them, as well as a small informative description of the official main city.

    1. RSFSR - Moscow - today is the capital of the Russian Federation. Included in the top ten cities in the world by population
    2. Azerbaijan SSR - Baku - the largest city in the Caucasus, the largest port of the Caspian Sea
    3. Armenian SSR - Yerevan is the political, scientific and cultural center of Armenia.
    4. Byelorussian SSR - Minsk - the city has the status of a hero city. In the capital of Belarus today is the headquarters of the CIS - an organization designed to regulate relations between the former Soviet republics.
    5. Georgian SSR - Tbilisi - the city was founded in the 5th century AD. The strategic location of the capital between Europe and Asia has repeatedly made Tbilisi an apple of discord between various parts of the Caucasus.
    6. Kazakh SSR - Alma-Ata - the largest city, known as the "Southern Capital"
    7. The Kirghiz SSR is Frunze, the Kyrgyz name is Bishkek, the city is located at the foothills of the Tien Shan.
    8. The Latvian SSR - Riga is the largest Baltic city today with a population of over 600 thousand inhabitants. The historical center of the capital is listed by UNESCO.
    9. Lithuanian SSR - Vilnius - for many centuries was the leading city of the Commonwealth.
    10. Moldavian SSR - Chisinau - has a special status - a municipality in the administrative division of Moldova.
    11. Tajik SSR - Dushanbe - in 2009, the city was declared the capital of the Islamic culture of Tajikistan.
    12. The Turkmen SSR - Ashgabat - today the city is a separate administrative unit of Turkmenistan with the status of the region.
    13. The Uzbek SSR � Tashkent � is today one of the five most populated cities in the CIS, with a population of over 2 million.
    14. The Ukrainian SSR, Kiev, is a hero-city, in history known as the center of Kievan Rus, due to which today it is called the Mother of Russian Cities.
    15. The Estonian SSR - Tallinn is today a major tourist destination in the Baltic States, when Estonia entered the Russian Empire, the capital was called Revel.

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