• What are the adjectives?

    Oksana Logunova
    Oksana Logunova
    April 4, 2013
    What are the adjectives?

    Many of us want to increase our literacy, because literacy is one of the most important signs that characterize an educated person. This article will be useful to those who want to improve their knowledge or just remember the material that was once studied in school. After reading it, you will learn what adjectives are. An adjective is an independent part of speech that characterizes the characteristic of an object and gives an answer to the questions: “Whose?”, “What?”, “What is?”.


    There are three categories of adjectives:

    • qualitative (adjectives that answer the question "what?"). Most of them are combined with adverbs “very”, “extremely”, “too” (too simple, extremely important, too modest).
    • relative (adjectives that answer the question "what?"). They are used to designate the material from which the object is made, to describe its space-time signs (golden, May).
    • possessive (adjectives that answer the question "whose?"). They establish the affiliation of the subject to someone (mother, dog).

    Full and short adjectives

    There are full and short types of adjectives.

    • Full adjectives vary by gender, case, and number (good day, good day, good days).
    • Short adjectives answer the questions “what?”, “What?”, “What?”, “What?”.
    • The full and short adjectives coincide with lexical meanings (the road is long — the road is long, the way is not long — the way is not close);
    • The meaning of the short form of an adjective is completely different from the meaning of the full one. The value of the short form indicates a temporary sign, full - on the permanent (healthy - healthy).

    Degrees of comparison of adjectives

    Next, you will find out what the adjective names are according to the degree of comparison. There are two degrees of comparison: comparative and excellent.

    Comparative degree says that in a certain subject a certain sign appears more or less (this house is higher than the neighboring one, this book is more interesting than that).

    It is simple and complex.Simple is formed by adding the suffix "her" (long - longer, green - greener). Difficult is formed by the words "more" or "less" (higher, less dangerous).

    An excellent degree indicates that a sign is most pronounced in a given subject compared to the same sign in another uniform subject.

    It is also simple and complex. The simple one is formed by adding the suffixes “eish”, “aish” (later, the greatest). The complex is formed from the full form of the adjective by the addition of particles наимен least, most, highest (highest, most successful, least easy).

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