Toxoplasmosis in cats
Toxoplasmosis in a cat.
What is toxoplasmosis in cats?
Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease. The simplest parasite is its causative agent. This disease first develops in the cat. However, the carrier of this virus can be any other animal and birds.
Cats get toxoplasmosis due to parasites that develop in her body. They can be ingested by the cat through food: small rodents, raw meat (goat meat, lamb, pork). After infection, parasites can enter the environment from the cat's feces. Other animals and birds can also get infected with this virus. He can get into the apartment through shoes or clothes, and an animal in the house can get sick without even leaving it. People can get sick with toxoplasmosis after eating half-baked meat. From person to person, this disease is not transmitted.
Toxoplasma develops in the small intestine of the cat, cysts are formed. They develop inside the cells, killing them. Cysts, along with feces from the outside, serve as a source of infection for other animals and people.
If the feces after the cat immediately removed, then infection will not occur. Parasites have a few days to ripen, only after that they pose a risk to others. In part, Toxoplasma penetrates the blood-forming organs and the spleen. They multiply and affect the entire body.
Cats under one and over seven years old are most susceptible to this disease. In such an animal, immunity is usually weakened and most susceptible to the spread of the virus. As well as susceptible to this disease include animals eating raw meat. Walking cats. They should hang a bells on the collar so that they can not catch birds or mice. Further, these are cats with a weakened immune system and living in adverse conditions.
Symptoms of toxoplasmosis in cats
In most cases, the symptoms of toxoplasmosis in cats is a mild cold or a slight indigestion. At the beginning of the disease the cat will be lethargic, may refuse to eat. This state lasts about a day. Sometimes vomiting is possible. After a time with good immunity, the disease is suppressed, and cysts become passive, do not show themselves.With secondary infection, there are no symptoms, as the antibodies in the blood persist.
Sometimes the disease is much worse. The following signs of toxoplasmosis appear: diarrhea, vomiting and fever. As well as coughing, sneezing, wheezing is felt in the breath. These symptoms are very similar to a cold. The main thing is to make a diagnosis. In severe cases, there are convulsions and paralysis may occur. If the disease occurs in this form, then the result of recovery of the animal depends on the correctness and speed of treatment.
How to check a cat for toxoplasmosis? Diagnosis and treatment should be prescribed by a veterinarian. Antiparasitic drugs in this case do not help. To determine the virus correctly, serological blood tests are taken from cats. Examine its serum. And sometimes they take a swab from the nose and throat of a cat.
Sick animal must be isolated for a while.
To protect yourself and your animal from toxoplasmosis, you must follow the rules:
- cat tray to clean and disinfect constantly;
- a cat should not eat birds and rodents;
- do not give the cat raw meat;
- wash with hand soap after contact with the animal;
- wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly;
- contact with cats is not recommended for pregnant women.
This article describes how to test a cat for toxoplasmosis and what kind of symptoms a cat may have. It is necessary to follow these recommendations and your cat will not become infected with such an unpleasant disease.
Video about toxoplasmosis in cats - diagnosis and treatment of the disease
How to take blood from a cat?
Such a question is most often asked by the owners, whose pets are prone to diabetes. In order to measure the level of glucose, it is necessary to make blood sampling. In such cases, blood is taken from the ear of the animal. All cats have a thin blood vessel on the edge of the auricle. It can be seen with the naked eye, or with a flashlight auricle. Take an elastic and soft pad, for example a roll of plaster, put it under the cat's ear. Next, disinfect the skin with alcohol, let dry before the injection. Then puncture the blood vessel with the injection needle. Taken the blood, apply a glucose meter to the test strip, and pinch the spot where you stabbed the needle with a dry cotton ball for a few seconds and wait until the blood stops flowing.Now you know how to take blood from a cat to measure blood glucose levels.
The owners of cats also care about blood sampling from the vein during toxoplasmosis in cats. This process will be more difficult, and it is better that this procedure was done by a veterinarian in a clinic. Blood is taken from the superficial vein in the lower leg and the superficial vein in the forearm. The animal in these cases must be firmly fixed, so that it does not move. Wool should be shave or cut off in the right place. Next, apply a tourniquet above the vein on the lower leg or shoulder and produce a piercing of the vein. In this way, you can take from two to five milliliters of blood.
But, nevertheless, we strongly advise not to take blood of cats at home, especially if there is no medical education. Unforeseen situations may arise: if they did not get into the vein, or worse, pierced through it, it could lead to the death of the pet.
Go to the veterinary clinic and find out how to take blood from cats, without contacting a specialist. It is easy and painless to check for glucose at home, but in other cases only in institutions.If you have a restless animal and are afraid of pricks and pain, you can distract him so that he does not see the vet's manipulations. As an option, you can swaddle your pet or ask a close friend to hold the animal, after wearing thick gloves. Some animals, when going to the veterinary clinic, begin to feel where they are collected and what they will be hurt by. In such situations, cats may respond inadequately. Try to calm your pet and call the vet at home.
How to get the cat out of anesthesia?
Anesthesia is a concept that refers to general anesthesia, that is, a state of artificial deep sleep, with the absence of various types of sensitivity. Anesthesia is necessary for surgery and surgery.
This article will discuss the main aspects of anesthesia cats and ways out of it.
- Anesthesia. This is a humane measure that is necessary when performing painful and surgical operations. It saves animals from painful suffering, and even prevents death from pain shock. An animal in a state of anesthesia lies motionless and does not move.This allows the surgeon to perform all necessary procedures.
- Immobilization In this case, there is no analgesic effect, but the animal can not adequately respond to it. This procedure is used in the case of inspection and unpleasant unpleasant procedures in aggressive or excited animals.
Any veterinarian will tell you how to get a cat out of anesthesia. Anesthesia is an artificial sleep that completely blocks certain functions of the body. Long recovery after anesthesia is normal. Do not expect that your pet will immediately run, jump, frolic and eat normally. The rate of recovery from anesthesia depends on the state in which it was put into anesthesia, the severity of the operation, and other factors. Cats may show disorientation in the form of unsteady gait and lethargy. Getting out of anesthesia is a complex process and can last up to three days. You can help your pet cope with a way out of such a serious condition. Give a painkiller prescription at the vet, massage the limbs for blood flow, put in a warm place and warm, especially if the cat is cold.
Regularly check your breathing, heartbeat and the reaction of pupils to light. Getting a cat out of anesthesia is a very painful process for your pet, in fact, like the operation itself, so show more love and attention to the cat. Take care in advance about the protection of the joints after the operation. Get the ponple and elizabethan collar. Prepare a cozy warm place where the cat will lie, and close all the places where it can hide and where it will be difficult to reach. Get ready for sleepless nights, because the cat will need your care all the time. All prescribed medicines should be given strictly on prescription and on time. Measure the temperature of the cat. If it is low, warm it with a heating pad. If the temperature does not reach normal within an hour, call a doctor. But do not apply a hot water bottle to the wound, it can cause inflammation.
The speed of the cat's exit from anesthesia and recovery after surgery depends heavily on the help of the host.
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