Marbling - art that surprises
What is marbling from the point of view of a connoisseur of all that is beautiful? This is the art of creating unique compositions with the help of an unusual technique of drawing on water, when flexible lines of different colors appear from under the master's hand, gradually transforming into paintings born of his imagination.
This type of art bears the imprint of mystery, because the result of creativity is unpredictable and unique. What does it depend on? From the personality of the creator or water, which has long been credited with magical properties and considered a living substance?
Determination of the type of painting
Marling is translated from English as "marble", as you can see by looking at the resulting picture with a marble texture. It can be monochrome and color, with a variety of shades. Most often, the material on which the image is applied is paper or fabric, but recently their list has increased significantly.
Painting on water is done with the help of special paints of a thick consistency, which do not mix with each other, and tools - brushes, brushes, sewed and combs.The paints are applied to the water surface and with the available tools they perform artistic stains, giving the composition a wide variety of forms, in order to later transfer the result onto a base made of paper, leather, wood, fabric or other material capable of absorbing the image.
The most famous technology
Among the existing techniques, the most famous are ebru from Turkey and Suminagashi from Japan. With a number of differences, the basic technique is inherent in the creation of a unique pattern on a liquid surface and transferring it to the desired material. The value of naval painting is that it is unique in absolute accuracy. This art, fixing a unique moment.
1. The right to be called the birthplace of Ebru technology is claimed by several regions of the world. Perhaps it originated in North China or South Siberia, Turkmenistan or Persia, India or Pakistan, or maybe in ancient Egypt. But traditionally it is attributed to Turkish painting, which especially looks good on fabrics. There are versions of the origin of ebru in the environment of the Altai shamans, because there is a similarity of rituals and the process of creating a pattern on the water, as well as on the basis of an ancient find - a piece of leather with a marble pattern numbering two and a half millennia.Among the versions has the right to life the possibility of the emergence of technology in China, where they invented paper, and perhaps along with it, the mraming. With the etymology of the name, too, there are conjectures due to the lack of genuine information. The most common:
- Arabic origin, from "ab-ru", translated as "water for the face";
- Chagatai from "ebre", meaning "wavy";
- Persian descent from "ebri" - "cloud", with which the Turks agree.
Ebru masters are famous not only for their ability to create marble stains. In addition to abstractions, they put images of birds, flowers and plants on top of the main pattern, which gives creativity and depth of elegance. The painting technique has its own peculiarity due to some components of the compositions:
- natural thickener from nectar of Astralagus, added to water to hold the paint on the surface, due to weak adhesive properties;
- natural pigments in paints;
- bovine bile.
For the manufacture of brushes use horsehair, which absorbs paint well and gives it drop by drop, and for the handles a rose stalk.
2. The technique of sumingagashi was invented in Japan and consists of laying out cardboard circles on the water surface, which are filled with paint.The master moves the circles, resulting in unusual streaks of paint that form the composition. Another method consists of the successive drip application of ink, spreading out in water in circles. Japanese artists do not use thickeners, and to keep the paint on the liquid, they draw with insoluble colored ink. To transfer the image there is rice paper, with good absorbing properties and sufficient thickness. In Japan, the sumingagash technique is used to make unique and unusual business cards.
Varieties of the fundamentals and the process itself
It should be noted creative approach of modern artists to choose the basis for individual masterpieces. Along with traditional ones, they sometimes use completely unexpected materials:
- Marbling on fabric is traditional, because a person has mastered this art for a long time. Soft water is used for work, as with an unpredictable result is possible hard, and acrylic paint, specially designed for fabric drawing. You will also need a tray that is suitable in width, in which the process will take place, a cloth, a little smaller, a pipette with wooden sharp sticks.To soften and degrease water, ammonia is used, after adding which, it is recommended to defend the water for some time. Recycling is possible. Fabric before the process is washed and dried, ironed large creases with a warm iron. Shops with goods for needlework can offer fabric impregnation, an additive for dissolving in water, providing high-quality transfer of the pattern on the fabric, because marbling is becoming a popular hobby in our country.
- Nail art makes extensive use of marbling due to the effect of an oil film on the surface of a liquid. For women, it is an opportunity to create an exclusive manicure with the help of nail polishes of several shades, scotch, toothpicks and water bowls.
- The paper base for applying marble texture is also traditional, and it is the most used material, because it is more accessible for experiments and can absorb oil paints. The process itself is similar to tissue marbling. It is possible to apply nail polish on paper. Paper paintings are recommended to laminate. They bring individuality to any interior, are used as a creative cover and gift design.
- Among the new concepts appeared such as body-marbling.This painting, made in the usual technique, but transferred to human skin. An innovative approach to painting allows you to create stunning "costumes" for parties, discos and various youth parties. It is already actively used in Western countries and causes sincere delight among young people. Salt solution is used to fill the trays, and drawings are made with acrylic paint. Then slowly immerse the hands in the liquid to transfer the image. In order to remove excess paint and prevent contamination of clothing, they are additionally immersed in clean water and air-dried. Such a drawing looks amazing and lasts up to ten hours.
- Marbling technique allows you to decorate the interior by decorating surfaces in the form of countertops, fireplaces, columns and floor. Frames cover photographs, candlesticks from various light materials in order to imitate heavy noble marble. Such an application takes time and hard work, but it has an excellent result.
Advantages and disadvantages
In most cases, the process is genuine surprise and admiration, so many people try to create a picture by themselves, and those who succeeded in this claim that the technique of writing is akin to meditation.Marbling as a hobby brings a lot of positive emotions - soothes, adjusts to a positive. All this increases every year the number of fans of this type of painting. The marbling is also good because children can be involved in the process by teaching them patience, a sense of beauty, creative work with their parents, which has a positive effect on the relationship between generations. But there are also disadvantages:
- the process is time consuming, with the impossibility of repeating the pattern, which virtually eliminates the replication of a successful composition;
- high-quality marbling is possible on a limited area, based on the size of the tank with liquid;
- it requires a smooth surface, because on bulk objects it lies in parts, and gives an unpredictable result without a clear repetition of the pattern.
However, disadvantages easily turn into advantages, if you consider marbling as a way of self-expression, as an individual and creative activity. Try it and you personally create a masterpiece!
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