How to set the light on the indoor plants
You will need
- Fluorescent lamps, reflectors.
Place your lighting systems wisely. Improper positioning of the bulbs will cause the plants to spend extra resources to get closer to the light source, causing the stems to twist. Too high hanging lights will lead to a lack of light, but since many plants grow significantly in length over time, it is advisable to take care of mobile structures in advance. Provide the possibility of height adjustment for illuminators.
Place the main light source above the upper leaves at a height of 20 cm for light-loving and 55 cm for shade-loving plants, respectively.
When installing a floodlight type lamp, direct the light perpendicular to the plants.
Change the angle of incidence of light depending on the time of year.The direct angle of incidence of light from a lamp on the ceiling resembles the summer sun. You can simulate winter lighting by placing lamps at an angle.
For additional lighting of potted plants, be sure to use reflectors (reflectors). Unfortunately, in the home appliance stores to find a good reflector is quite difficult. But you can purchase a portrait reflector in a photo equipment store or make your own reflective surface.
Be sure to calculate the total power of the installed bulbs when calculating the required number. To do this, you need to know the average level of natural light in the room and how much light your plants need.
To the light-loving plants include succulents, palm trees, jasmine, roses, hibiscus, bougainvillea, gardenia. They need powerful lighting - at least 15 000-20 000 lux (Lx). Moderate illumination - about 10 000–20 000 Lk - is necessary for bromeliads, caladiums, begonias, and ficuses. Finally, weak lighting in 5000 Lk is enough geraniums, begonias, balsamine, anthurium.
Do not install ordinary incandescent bulbs! First, they shine yellowand their spectrum is not able to start the process of photosynthesis, because there is no blue color, and secondly, they are very hot and emit too much heat, because of which the plant can get burns.
Prefer fluorescent lamps category LB or LBT. Professionals in their field use special phytoluminescent lamps, but an amateur should carefully consider whether to buy them - their pinkish lighting is harmful to human eyes.
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