Fungal skin diseases are easier to prevent than to cure.
Classification of fungal diseases
Depending on the depth of penetration into the skin layers, fungal diseases are divided into superficial (keratomycosis) and deep (dermatophytosis, deep mycoses and candidiasis). The latter can affect the mucous membranes and internal organs of the person. Each fungal disease has its own localization, determined on a specific skin area or covering all skin surfaces.
The most common surface mycoses include pityriasis (versicolor versicolor). Among dermatophytes, microsporia, athlete's foot and foot mycoses are most common. Deep mycoses (histoplasmosis, etc.) can affect the central nervous system and are often chronic with recurrences. Candidiasis mostly affects the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, genital organs and the tissues around them.
Only a professional dermatologist can identify the type of pathogen using special tests and prescribe treatment. Mycologist deals with fungal infections more narrowly, but you will not meet him in every clinic.
You should be alerted to any changes in the color of the skin, the formation of spots or bubbles, peeling of the skin and its detachment, accompanied by unbearable itching.
Pityriasis versicolor, for example, begins with the appearance of yellow specks, which eventually grow and peel. Mycoses of the feet and nails are characterized by the appearance of redness and itching in the interdigital folds, smoothly flowing into cracks and ulcers in the absence of timely treatment. Nails turn yellow and begin to exfoliate. Microsporia affects the scalp and it is not without reason that it has a second name - ringworm. With microsporia lesions, hair begins to fall out, and a ring-shaped crust is formed in their place. Histoplasmosis with dust enters the lungs and its symptoms are similar to primary tuberculosis. In Russia, histoplasmosis occurs infrequently.
Most of the fungi fall on human skin through external pathways.Some fungal diseases (usually candida) can begin due to the stress of the body and weakened human immunity.
For the treatment of mycoses, various antibiotics and antifungal ointments and creams (for example, Amikazol, Batrafen and others) are used. However, antifungal drugs often have increased toxicity and have a large number of contraindications. Therefore, fungal diseases are easier to prevent than to cure.
The main component in terms of the prevention of fungi is personal hygiene. Going to the pool, do not forget the rubber slippers and use only your towel. In the sauna, do not sit on the benches in the steam room without a sheet; in hotels, also use your own toiletries and towels. Never take someone else's hairbrush, and at the hairdresser's office make sure that the scissors and the comb are in a special container for anti-infective treatment.
In order to avoid infection with fungal infections, one should not try on clothes in stores on naked body, and bought clothes or shoes should be immediately subjected to heat or alcohol treatment (wash clothes or, if possible, boil andthen iron, and wipe the shoes from the inside with alcohol lotion or treat with an infrared dryer for shoes). Perfectly the otparivatel for clothes. It does not affect the structure and color of the fabric, and the temperature of the steam can permanently rid the thing of various microbes, ticks and fungus.
Do not contact with stray animals, wash your hands after traveling in public transport and before each meal, try not to touch your face on the street, if you are not sure about your hands, enhance immunity, and you will avoid many unpleasant consequences. Including such contagion as a fungus.
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