Child 2 years development
A child of 2 years, despite the presence of basic regularities, can proceed in different ways: one kid actively moves, does not sit still for a moment, and his muscular system improves "by leaps and bounds." The other, on the contrary, is very diligent, he studies books for a long time and listens to stories with pleasure.
2 years development
Such a kid can learn a lot poems, but at the same time it will be rather clumsy to run and jump. It is quite natural, in two years the children are still very different from each other. Therefore, when building classes, you need to take into account their characteristics and try to choose exercises that are interesting for this kid.
A two-year-old is an indefatigable little researcher who gradually becomes a real companion and assistant for mom and other relatives. His development continues to go forward with leaps and bounds, although outwardly the changes are not as noticeable as in the first year of life.
On the body ...
In two years, the growth of the baby slows, on average it increases by 7-9 cmNot as fast as before, gaining weight. However, in general, physical development continues:
- new skills are being formed,
- the work of small muscles is improved,
- coordination of movements is improved.
See the fine motor development games:
Kids run actively, learn to jump over small obstacles, start to play with the ball. Ball games are a great opportunity to train a crumb: in pursuit of the ball, the muscles of his legs get stronger, and when catching the ball, the ability to coordinate the movement of the handles develops.
child with a ball
Two-year-olds already have self-dressing skills that are now being improved more and more. This is largely due to the fact that this year the child will become a member of the first in the life of the team - a kindergarten group. Imitating the other children, following the instructions of the caregiver and the nanny, the little one masters the ability to fasten sandals, fold their belongings neatly. All this requires the connection of fine motor skills, and, as it develops,The child’s opportunities are growing.
... and in the spirit
The mental development of two-year-old children is somewhat ahead of the physical, especially among the fair sex. This is largely due to the entry into the children's team. If the baby is growing in isolation, it needs to be able to communicate with children of close age, because during this period, imitation of other people comes to the fore. In general, the development is in the following areas:
Speech. Significantly expands the active vocabulary. Words are pronounced more correctly, the ability to build common sentences is developed.
Memory. The ability to memorize information is improved, the child can easily learn a small poem or song.
Logical thinking. It manifests itself mainly during the game: the actions of the little ones are conscious, consistent, subject to some general principle.
Creative development. The kid begins to be interested in drawing, modeling.
The child’s psyche at the age of two is very malleable, the experience gained forms not only the mental abilities of the child, but also his character.Therefore, in this period, simple classes should begin.
How to reveal the potential of the child during this period
- Try to let the child climb on different slides and steps, run with the ball, bubbles during a walk - develop the work of his large muscles and coordination of movements in general.
- If possible, sign up with a crumb in the group swimming together in the pool - swimming will strengthen the baby, harden it.
- Talk more with the child, paying attention to the literacy of building their proposals. Replenish the vocabulary of the crumbs, studying the names of the objects around him, animals, natural phenomena. Pay attention to verbs and adjectives, try to describe everything seen in the most colorful way.
- At this age the child actively imitates everything, therefore it is easy to engage in articulation gymnastics with him:
- inflate cheeks, representing a balloon
- buzzing, stretching sponges with a pipe, representing a locomotive
- quickly and often with the most relaxed sponges pronounce the sound of "tphpu", which usually tells the horse to stop it
- lick your lips with a tongue in a circle,imitating a cat that ate sour cream
- pull the tongue as far forward as possible (show how long it is).
Such exercises will help avoid logopedic problems in the future.
It's time to start modeling. If it is still difficult to cope with clay, we work with salt dough - it is more pliable.
Learn to draw: paints, chalk, pencils. It is not recommended to use felt-tip pens because they do not require any efforts, and later it will be difficult for a child to get used to pencils and pens.
Read books. Both in the afternoon and before bedtime. Consider pictures, say what you see - develop the abstract thinking of the baby. Learn rhymes and songs - develop memory.
Listen to more good music. It is proved that classical compositions develop not only the creative potential of the child, but also his mental abilities.
Involve the child in household chores. A feasible help for the mother will not only take the baby, but also introduce him to the device of life.
The main principle of raising two-year-old kids is to strive to make the activities of children as diverse as possible.Remember that during this period they actively form connections between the cells of the brain, so the more impressions and skills the baby gets, the more fertile will be the ground for further development.
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