Causes and treatment of acne in pregnant women
Pregnancy is a great time in a woman's life. And if it is overshadowed by such an unpleasant problem as acne, then you need to find a solution as soon as possible. It is possible to cope with this trouble if to find out and eliminate the reasons.
Why do acne appear in pregnant women?
Causes of acne during pregnancy may be as follows:
- The main cause of skin problems faced by many expectant mothers is hormonal changes. When the adjustment is often increases the activity of the sebaceous glands, because of what they become clogged and inflamed, which leads to acne.
- Incorrect food. In the waiting period of the child, food habits can change dramatically, and some expectant mothers allow themselves a lot of excess. But fatty, fried, spicy foods, as well as flour, convenience foods, fast food and sweets may not in the best way affect the condition of the skin.
- Digestive problems. Many pregnant women suffer from constipation, and because of them, acne can also appear, because slags that are deposited in the body due to stool disorders can get into the skin and go through it.Therefore, if you experience problems with digestion, they can be accompanied by deterioration of the skin, especially on the face.
- Surprisingly, one of the causes of acne can be dehydration, that is, lack of moisture due to violations of the drinking regime. The need for water during pregnancy increases, while its deficiency increases the concentration of hormones, in particular, progesterone, which provokes an increase in sebum production.
- Stresses arising from strong feelings for the unborn child, can also lead to disruption of the sebaceous glands and provoke an increased production of skin secretion.
- Avitaminosis. Due to the lack of certain minerals, trace elements and vitamins, the condition of the skin may also deteriorate.
How to solve a problem?
What to do if acne appears? Begin to fight with them, and comprehensively and competently. But it is best to first contact your dermatologist and find out the causes of the problem and get expert advice. Below are the most important areas of struggle.
Pharmacy and cosmetic products
Immediately it should be noted that not all means are allowed for use in pregnant women.Some of them can have a negative effect on the unborn child, because the active components, albeit partially and in small quantities, are still absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream and, therefore, can penetrate the placenta and enter the fetus.
Do not use products containing salicylic acid, steroid components, hormones, antibiotics, benzene peroxide and some other aggressive substances. If the instruction states that during pregnancy use is contraindicated, then this restriction cannot be violated.
And yet there are means that are suitable for future mothers. These include, firstly, those made on the basis of sparing acids, such as azelaic acid, which Skinoren contains. It is also allowed to use zinc-based products, for example, the drug "Zener".
Comprehensive treatment of acne must necessarily include full and proper skin care. It assumes the observance of the following simple rules:
- Let your skin breathe. To do this, firstly, try to visit the fresh air as often as possible, and secondly, if possible, give up tonal means: they clog pores and form a film that interferes with the access of oxygen to the dermis.
- If you use makeup, be sure to remove it before going to bed, using a special soft tool or micellar water.
- Carefully choose all the cosmetics that you use. They must be safe, hypoallergenic, and as natural as possible and must have a neutral pH. And, of course, it is important to choose the right options for you. If you can not do it yourself, it makes sense to consult a qualified dermatologist or cosmetologist.
- Daily carry out the procedure of washing, using gentle means based on decoctions of herbs. You can also wipe your face with a cotton pad soaked in micellar water.
It is very important to eat right. The diet should contain fruits, berries and vegetables in sufficient quantities, lean meat (veal, rabbit meat), poultry, low-fat fish, cereals, dairy products. But from the fried, flour, pickled, fatty, sweet and convenience foods better to give up, this food just will not benefit.
It is necessary to use suitable heat treatment methods. The most unhealthy and wrong is, of course, frying, during which extremely harmful carcinogens are formed. Prefer cooking, steaming, baking or stewing.These cooking methods help to preserve maximum nutrients and taste of the products.
Tip: do not forget to follow the drinking regime and drink at least two liters of fluid per day.
To solve such an unpleasant problem as acne can help some folk remedies:
- It is possible to make masks on the basis of black or green cosmetic clay once or twice a week.
- For washing instead of ordinary water, use decoctions of herbs, especially calendula and chamomile, as they have anti-inflammatory properties. To prepare the preparation, place a tablespoon of raw material into a glass of boiling water and boil for ten minutes, then draw for fifteen minutes, strain and use for daily procedures.
- Berry and fruit masks, for example, from cranberries, kiwi, strawberries, grapes, raspberries, are safe and very useful for skin problems. Just chop the raw material in any way and evenly apply the mass to the face. After twenty minutes, wash with cool water.
How to get rid of acne completely and prevent their reappearance? Observe preventive measures:
- Avoid stress and if possible lead an active lifestyle.
- Do not neglect the principles of proper nutrition.
- Provide proper and regular skin care.
- Try to observe the regimen of the day, to avoid leaps in hormone levels.
- Watch your digestion and adjust the stool so that it is regular.
- To avoid a shortage of certain nutrients, you can, on the advice of your doctor, start taking a multivitamin complex.
Watch your health and take care of yourself during pregnancy to avoid skin problems.
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