Bolivia - an exotic country for your holiday
Not everyone dares to go to Bolivia, because this country is not so popular among tourists, and it is far away. But if you dream of such a journey, prepare for it thoroughly.
What country is it?
It is necessary to begin the description with the fact that the country can be called the most-most, and in different areas. So, it is the most multinational, the most mountainous, and also the most isolated from the world. Some cities are so high that an unprepared tourist may feel dizzy, and not from beauty, but from pressure drops. In the state, 37 languages are considered official.
And Bolivia is very multifaceted, because it has the saltiest, most humid and even the driest zones of the Earth. A surprising fact: the state has enormous natural resources, but at the same time it is one of the poorest and least developed on the planet. And all this in one country! Impressive, isn't it?
Now for some general information.Bolivia is located in central South America and is bordered by Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Peru and Paraguay. But the state does not have access to the sea. The area of the country is more than 1 million square kilometers.
How to get there?
Getting to Bolivia is not as easy as we would like, since there are no direct flights (even in large cities). We'll have to do a transplant, and probably will need the services of different airlines. Anyway, the path will be very long, it will be more than a day, even in the best case.
Visa and customs regimes
A visa is required for entry into Bolivia, and it can be issued both at the country's embassy (this option is most preferable) and directly at the entrance, that is, at the border crossing.
The customs regime is rather strict. Non-certified medicines, plant seeds, fruits, as well as any animal products may not be imported into the country. Import and export of both national and foreign currency is not limited. But there are some restrictions on the number of imported tobacco and alcohol.
What can not be taken out of the country? First of all, items thatof cultural and historical value, wild animals and birds (live), as well as coca leaves (here they are legalized, but there will certainly be a lot of questions and difficulties at customs).
Nature and Relief
Bolivia is very beautiful, there is a mass of ecological zones. And yet the country is quite diverse in relief. So, its western part is located in the Andes, and the highest point is the extinct volcano Sakhama. But the eastern part is represented by plains and lowlands. There are tropical forests, as well as the largest saline Uyuni. Flora and fauna are incredibly diverse!
The climate of Bolivia is diverse, which is associated with a significant difference in height. There is a subequatorial or tropical climate on the plains, and in the mountainous regions it is sharply continental. In the east, summer is quite hot and humid, and winter is mild and warm. But in the west often there are sharp changes in temperature. In addition, in highland areas it is rather cold almost throughout the whole year.
The most developed types of transport are buses and airplanes, and the latter are more in demand, since some parts of the country are simply not available for land species.
Where to rest?
The largest and most popular resorts in Bolivia:
- Copacabana is an interesting lakeside city.
- Sucre is the highest mountain city in the world and the official capital of Bolivia.
- Cochabamba - the largest city of the state, whose name literally translates as "swampland"
- La Paz is one of the largest cities in the country and its actual capital.
- Oruro is the capital of the Bolivian department of the same name, where the legendary carnival is held (by the way, it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List).
- Santa Cruz de la Sierra is a quiet and calm, but at the same time a large developed city located on the banks of the Pira River.
- Potosi is a large industrial and cultural center, the largest in terms of population.
- Cobich This city, located on the banks of the river Acre, is bordered by Brazil.
- Uyuni is located next to the largest dried salt lake Solar de Uyuni. Also there is a salt desert (it is very attractive for tourists).
What's so interesting?
What to see on vacation? Bolivia will definitely surprise you and give you a lot of new impressions! Here are the most interesting places:
- Lake Titicaca - the largest freshwater lake in South America, located at an altitude of about 3800 meters above sea level.
- The archaeological complex Tiwanaku is practically the capital of pre-Inca civilization. These are the remains of sculptures and structures built some time ago (about 4 thousand years ago). By the way, according to one of the legends, this complex appeared in just one night.
- In Yungas there is a road of death - the most dangerous road in the world, which is located almost on the mountain, over a huge cliff. It can be seen on numerous photos.
- Listing the sights of Bolivia, we can not fail to mention the Nadidi National Park, stretching from the Amazon River to the Andes. There are so many interesting things that just run away!
- Cerro Rico is the so-called “Rich Mountain” in which silver was discovered.
- The Uyuni salt marsh is the largest salt marsh, which is especially beautiful after the rain.
- The statue of Christ "Cristo de la Concordia".
What to buy?
If you are planning a grandiose shopping in Bolivia, then find out what to bring to memory from this country.
The most interesting and useful purchases:
- There are a lot of llamas, so be sure to buy a product made from their wool.
- Any tourist will like things from alpaca wool, because they are warm and beautiful.
- Masterpieces of local craftsmen, made of textiles, ceramics, stone, wood.
- Amertin - a stone that is found only in Bolivia.
- You can buy local chocolate, it is very tasty, and sometimes unusual.
But to bring home coca leaves or tea based on them is not worth it, it is punishable.
The cuisine of Bolivia is quite multifaceted, as it contains Indian national dishes, but the influence of Spanish traditions is also traced. The main and most popular ingredients here are potatoes, meat and corn.
And especially in demand poultry, beef, pork, and alpaca meat. In addition, you can also find dishes from river fish. And in some areas they eat rabbits and even guinea pigs (yes, here they are bred specifically for this purpose).
The most favorite way of cooking Bolivians is to grill or fry in large amounts of butter. But some prefer to cook over charcoal or open fire.
The most popular alcoholic beverage is corn stout “chicha” tincture. Also here they drink grape liqueur "sangan", on the basis of which they prepare various cocktails. Beer is also popular.
By the way, the locals love to chew coca leaves, which have a weak narcotic effect.But you can not swallow them, it will cause a serious eating disorder.
And now you can safely go on a trip!
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